Examples of good practice
Zermatt is a car-free zone. With private transport is only allowed to place Täsch. From there to Zermatt you can be reached by train or taxi van.
City Täsch is 5 km away from Zermatt hotels. The road from Täsch Zermatt is closed for public traffic. Matterhorn Terminal in Täschu has 2,100 parking spaces. In addition, there are more than 1,000 parking spaces. Private companies are organizing transport with vans or mini buses.
Most visitors decided for transport by train which drives every 20 minutes to Zermatt. Travel time by train to Zermatt is 12 minutes.
Source: Web page
TRIGLAVSKI NARODNI PARK
Triglav National Park launched a project Park and experience nature!, which aims to introduce a eco-friendly mobility. Planned is new infrastructure and equipment, which will make mobility more pleasant for everyone.
The project is carried out by the PCE with six partner organizations from Gorenjska region and from Posočje. Program is called “Comprehensive implementation of environmentally friendly mobility in the Triglav National Park to maintain and experience of nature.” On the website you can find a report Alpine Association of Slovenia, from April 2016, which is focused primarily on the area of Bohinj lake and mountains under the Krn.
There’s a large number of cars in the summer season, so the Triglav National Park with partners has submitted the project at the European tender. With funds will be six parking spaces by Lake Bohinj upgraded with new parking machines and locks, which will allow the use of intelligent systems for car traffic and parking. There will be also information related to visit the area with a sustainable mobility.
Also new possibilities to rent bicycles
One of the aspects of sustainable mobility will also be a new possibility for renting bikes whit possibility to visit and experiencing nature, Lake Bohinj. In the premises of the TNP Information Centre in Stara Fužina they will also set up info point with the information about the importance of sustainable mobility for nature conservation in the Bohinj area.
Combining services with new tourist packages
For hikers and walkers will be special interesting new parking place under the mountain area, where will be parking place for 60 cars. All are new tourist packages that will be the test can be tested early at this summer. It is the combination of new and existing public transport systems, such as the Bohinj railway, car train and bus. Part of these packages will also be upgraded of four programs of visitation and interpretation of nature through sustainable mobility, designed more pleasant experience ofnature.
Source: Web page
JASMUND NATIONAL PARK (Germani)
The visitor centre of the Jasmund National Park has over 300.000 visitors annually.Situated directly at the famous chalk cliff “Königsstuhl”.
The national park centre can only be reached by bus, bicycle or foot. The three kilometres long access road is closed for cars. Therefore the visitor centre started early to co-operate with the railway and the short distance public to optimise the possibilities of arrival. With a long distance ticket or an Ostseeticket (Baltic Sea ticket) visitors receive a 20% off on the admission ticket. The RPNV does extensive marketing in its busses – of which 80% run on biodiesel – for the national park centre and aligned the timetables of its routes to the “Königsstuhl” to the opening hours of the national park centre. Nevertheless many visitors still travel by car to the “Königsstuhl”. They have to pay for three services: parking fees at the boarder of the area, the bus to the national park centre and the entrance.
Source: Web page
MüRITZ NATIONAL PARK (Germani)
The Müritz National Park is situated in the middle of the Mecklenburg Lake District and was founded in 1990. In September 1996, the “Weiße Flotte Müritz GmbH and the Personenverkehr GmbH Müritz tested if there was a demand by locals to coordinated modes of transportation with busses and boats to the national park. Since the trial period was very successful, it was not an illusion any more to release the Müritz National Park from motor-driven individual traffic. By doing so the paradise to nature was opened up to visitors in a sustainable way, but also enabled an economic chance to local enterprises. From the beginning on, the Müritz National Park Administration Office and the local authorities supported this project. In 1997 hourly scheduled services were introduced from May to October. The most important measures are: keeping an attractive routing by combining bus and boat, providing the bicycle transportation for free, enabling a bus escort by a national park ranger and offering time tables coordinated according to guided tours in the national park.
Source: Web page
THE VETTI ROAD (Norvay)
The road to Vetti in Utladalen named «Folkevegen» – or “the commons road» was established during the 70ies as an initiative from the local community, financed mainly locally and with an enormous amount of voluntary work. The idea was both to give road access for the people living on the farms in Utladalen and make the area available for recreation for the local community. Only people living in Utladalen where allowed to use motorized transportation on the road. They had a key to the barrier at the start of the road.
Today there is no one living permanently along the road but there is some tourist-business and intensive management to keep the cultural landscape. The local community still uses the road for recreation and there are many tourists visiting the valley every summer. Even thou there is strong regulations of the use of motorized vehicles on the road, the national park authorities get some feedback of conflict and have to look into renewing the regulations due to the change since the 70ies. The main change is that there is no permanent living in the valley and the landowners only use the housing as recreation living. Information could solve some of the conflict.
Another growing conflict is between people walking and high-speed bicycling. Bicycling is becoming more popular for exercise and some walkers find them threatening. Regulating the use of bicycle is not normal in Norway, especially along existing roads, and this is a conflict that has to be solved by information.
THE GJENDE BOAT TRANSPORTATION (Norvay)
Gjende is one of the main lakes in Jotunheimen National Park. The most famous hiking trail, Besseggen, goes on the ridge above the lake. Most people walk the trail one way and use the boat for transportation the other way. This trail was listed as one of the 20 most beautiful hiking trails in the world by National Geographic in 2014.
The boat transportation started more than 100 years ago, many years before the National Park was established. The border for the National Park is just outside the boat jetty and most of the transportation is inside the National Park. There are regulations of both the number of boats, number of trips and speed on the lake.
One of the challenges for this motorized transportation is the increasing number of visitors. The trail is important for Jotunheimen National Park and we like to welcome even more visitors here. By making this trail/area accessible for many visitors, other areas can be left without any infrastructures. Further development of the boat transportation is therefore an interest of both the boat company and the National Park management. New technology of hydrodynamics and energy efficiency is important both for emission and costs of running the boats. Other important issues are alternative energy source and noise reduction. There is a good communication and joint interest between the National Park authorities and the boat company.
THE SNOHEIM ROAD FROM HJERKIN (Norvay)
Dovrefjell-Sunndalsfella National Park was established in 1974 and included the tourist cabin of Snøheim. The access-road to Snøheim was part of a military area then, but this military area is now closed down and the area is again open for visitors. From Snøheim tourist cabin is the easiest way up to one of the most famous mountains in Norway, Snøhetta.
The road is 14 km long and was upgraded for cars in the 50ies. Due to military activity, it was not accessible for the public for many years. Now there is a debate on whether to open it for public use to have more hikers on Snøhetta or avoid disturbance of the wild reindeer. This mountainous area is the habitat of one of the main herds of wild reindeer in Norway. These animals use wide areas and migrate between seasonal habitats and are very sensitive toward disturbance. Surveys shows that only app. 15 people walking along a path/road is enough disturbance for the reindeer to avoid crossing the path/road.
The road to Snøheim is closed for private cars today. To give an alternative transportation and avoid people to walk or go by bike, there is established a shuttle bus along the way. This seems to be the best alternative for both giving hikers the opportunity to reach Snøhetta and maintain a sustainable population of wild reindeer in this area.
THE GLITTERHEIM ROAD (Norvay)
This is an access-road to the tourist cabin of Glitterheim. The road was built in 1969 when the tourist cabin was rebuilt but has always been closed for public motorized transport. When Jotunheimen National Park was established in 1980, the barrier was moved to the border of the National Park. By the barrier it was established a parking place.
Up to around 2000, most visitors to Glitterheim came from other tourist cabins in Jotunheimen National Park. But the last years less people walk for many days between these cabins, they tend to stay longer at one place and make daytrips for here. About 10 years ago Glitterheim tourist cabin then invested in bicycles for visitors. The bicycles are placed in a pool near the parking place and visitors just choose one to bring them the app. 7 km along the road to the cabin. When they check in on the cabin, they also pay a rent for the bike. Unless the visitors are continuing to another cabin, they bring the bike back to the parking place.
This is a popular activity, especially for families. In addition of being and environmentally friendly transportation, it also avoid disturbing local wildlife (compeered with hiking) and other users of the National Park. The tourist cabin are allowed to transport needed goods by car on the road, but the manager of the tourist cabin is very aware of the fact that this transportation can disturb the trip for his visitors and he tries to minimize his transportation.